模板:Multiple image/doc

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This template creates a box containing between two and ten images, arranged either vertically or horizontally and with captions for the entire box or per image.

With the appropriate choice of parameters, the template can automatically resize images to a given total width with each image having the same height.

Be aware that this template does not respect users' default image size preferences. (Wikipedia:Image use policy states: 模板:Tq MOS:IMGSIZE states that a fixed width in pixels may only be specified, 模板:Tq)模板:Efn

If image size parameters are omitted, this template sets all images at 200px wide, regardless of whether the reader has set a preference for some other default image width. This causes multiple images to look out of scale to the other images in an article.

Syntax and parameters

Provide height[n] and total_width parameters to obtain automatic resizing. Note the different meanings of the width[n] parameters with vs. without automatic resizing. Please also note the option to set a total_width parameter at the beginning of the multiple image template.

No automatic resizing of all images to the same height
{{multiple image|perrow = 1|total_width=600
<!-- Layout parameters -->
 | align             = <!-- right (default), left, center, none --> 
 | direction         = <!-- horizontal (default), vertical -->
 | background color  = <!-- box background as a 'hex triplet' web color (include the initial #) -->
 | width             = <!-- displayed width of each image in pixels (an integer, omit "px" suffix); overrides "width[n]"s below -->
 | caption_align     = <!-- left (default), center, right --> 
 | image_style       = <!-- border:1; (default) -->
 | image_gap         = <!-- 5 (default)-->

<!-- Header -->
 | header_background = <!-- header background as a 'hex triplet' web color (include the initial #) -->
 | header_align      = <!-- center (default), left, right -->
 | header            = <!-- header text -->

<!--image 1-->
 | image1            = <!-- filename only, i.e. without "File:" or "Image:" prefix -->
 | width1            = <!-- displayed width of image; overridden by "width" above -->
 | alt1              = 
 | link1             = 
 | thumbtime1        =
 | caption1          = 
<!--image 2-->
 | image2            = <!-- filename only, i.e. without "File:" or "Image:" prefix -->
 | width2            = <!-- displayed width of image; overridden by "width" above -->
 | alt2              = 
 | link2             = 
 | thumbtime2        =
 | caption2          = 
<!-- and so on, to a maximum of 10 images (image10) -->

<!-- Footer -->
 | footer_background = <!-- footer background as a 'hex triplet' web color (include the initial #) -->
 | footer_align      = <!-- left (default), center, right -->
 | footer            = <!-- footer text -->
}}
Automatic resizing of all images to the same height and to a given total width
{{multiple image
<!-- Layout parameters -->
 | align             = <!-- right (default), left, center, none --> 
 | direction         = <!-- horizontal (default), vertical -->
 | background color  = <!-- box background -->
 | total_width       = <!-- total width of all the displayed images in pixels (an integer, omit "px" suffix) -->
 | caption_align     = <!-- left (default), center, right --> 

<!-- Header -->
 | header_background = 
 | header_align      = <!-- center (default), left, right -->
 | header            = 

<!--image 1-->
 | image1            = <!-- filename only, i.e. without "File:" or "Image:" prefix -->
 | alt1              = 
 | link1             = 
 | thumbtime1        =
 | caption1          = 
<!--image 2-->
 | image2            = <!-- filename only, i.e. without "File:" or "Image:" prefix -->
 | alt2              = 
 | link2             = 
 | thumbtime2        =
 | caption2          = 
<!-- and so on, to a maximum of 10 images (image10) -->

<!-- Footer -->
 | footer_background = 
 | footer_align      = <!-- left (default), center, right -->
 | footer            = 
}}
Parameter Description
align right (default), left, center
direction horizontal (default), vertical
background color To set the background color of the box in which the images appear.
header_background
header_align center (default), left, right
header
width Use to set the same width for each image (i.e. overrides any width[n] below). Do not include if different image widths intended, including if images are to be resized to a fixed total width.
total_width Use to scale the images to the same height and this total width. Do not use both total_width and width.
image[n] (where [n] = 1 to 10)  Filename of [n]th image.
width[n] (as above)  Two meanings: (1) The width (in pixels, integer, omit "px") of [n]th image. Overridden by width (if set). (2) The full width of the original [n]th image if total_width is given in order to resize all images to the same height and a given total width.
height[n] (as above)  The full height of the original [n]th image if total_width is given in order to resize all images to the same height and a given total width. Ignored otherwise.
alt[n] (as above)  Alt description for [n]th image.
link[n] (as above)  The page linked to the [n]th image (i.e. the page that is loaded when the image is clicked).
  • If this parameter is omitted altogether, the image will link to its image description page as usual (this is by far the most common usage case).
  • If this parameter is present but left empty (i.e. ...|link1= |...), the image will not link to anything – this should be the case only for purely decorative images per WP:ALT.
  • Important: If the image is under a free license (such as the GDFL or a free CC license), the terms of such license require the license, or a link to it, to be reproduced with the image. The image must, therefore, link to its image description page, which can be achieved simply by omitting the link[n] parameter from the template as mentioned. Public domain and (theoretically) fair use images are not subject to this restriction.
thumbtime[n] (as above)  When using video files, sets the time within the video that is used for the initial display. This is either a number of seconds or hours:minutes:seconds; see commons:Commons:Video#Setting a video thumbnail image.
caption[n] (as above)  Caption for the [n]th image.
caption_align left (default), center, right
footer_background
footer_align left (default), center, right
footer Caption that spans the entire box, as opposed to individual images. Avoid "left" and "right" if possible, since mobile devices may display the images vertically.

Examples

脚本错误:没有“Multiple image”这个模块。

{{multiple image
 | width = 60
 | image1 = Yellow card.svg
 | alt1 = Yellow cartouche
 | image2 = Red card.svg
 | alt2 = Red cartouche
 | footer = Players are cautioned with a yellow card and sent off with a red card.
}}

脚本错误:没有“Multiple image”这个模块。

{{multiple image
 | align = left
 | direction = vertical
 | width = 200
 | header = [[Portable Network Graphics|PNG]] transparency demonstration
 | image1 = PNG transparency demonstration 1.png
 | alt1 = Colored dice with white background
 | caption1 = A PNG image with an 8-bit transparency layer...
 | image2 = PNG transparency demonstration 2.png
 | alt2 = Colored dice with checkered background
 | caption2 = ...here overlaying a checkered background.
}}

脚本错误:没有“Multiple image”这个模块。

{{multiple image
 | width = 60
 | image1=Ribbon numeral 2.png | alt1=2
 | image2=Ribbon numeral 3.png | alt2=3
 | image3=Ribbon numeral 4.png | alt3=4
 | footer = When a user has many of one type of [[WP:BARN|barnstar]], they can represent them with [[WP:RIBBON|ribbons]] and these numerals to indicate the count.
}}

模板:Clear right

With background color

脚本错误:没有“Multiple image”这个模块。

{{multiple image
 | background color = #BBDD99
 | width = 160
 | image1 = Adoxa_moschatellina_210406.jpg
 | alt1 = Green herb with a few tiny yellow-white flowers
 | image2 = Adoxa_moschatellina_210406a.jpg
 | alt2 = Three small white and yellow flowers before green-leaf background
 | image3 = adoxa_moschatellina_blatt.jpeg
 | alt3 = Leaves of a plant, in groups of three each with three lobes
 | footer_background = #BBDD99
 | footer_align = center
 | footer = [[Adoxa]] (''Adoxa moschatellina'')
}}

With links (link[n])

脚本错误:没有“Multiple image”这个模块。 模板:Clear left

{{multiple image
 | align = left

 | image1 = Frecklesmule.jpg
 | width1 = 143
 | alt1 = A mule
 | link1 = Mule
 | caption1 = A mule<br />(骡子 ''luózi'')

 | image2 = Donkey 1 arp 750px.jpg
 | width2 = 150
 | alt2 = A donkey
 | link2 = 
 | caption2  = A donkey<br />(驴子 ''lǘzi'')

 | image3 = Rainbow_trout.png
 | width3 = 91
 | alt3 = A trout
 | caption3  = A fish<br />({{lang|zh|2=鱼}} '''')

 | footer = The image of the mule links to [[Mule]]; the image of the donkey does not link anywhere; the image of the trout links to a [[Image description page|standard image description page]].
}}

模板:Clear right

Using direction

By default, the images the template presents are displayed horizontally, as a row (see left; equivalent to setting |direction=horizontal). To display them vertically, i.e. as a column, set |direction=vertical (see right). 脚本错误:没有“Multiple image”这个模块。 脚本错误:没有“Multiple image”这个模块。

On mobile devices some images may always be displayed vertically if the total width is larger than around 320.

To match image heights

模板:Hatnote

  • Decide on a total width for all the images, say 320px
  • Set the total width using |total_width=

脚本错误:没有“Multiple image”这个模块。

{{multiple image
 | align = right
 | total_width = 320

 | image1 = Donkey 1 arp 750px.jpg
 | alt1 = A donkey
 | caption1 = Rectangular image of a donkey, originally 536 pixels high.

 | image2 = Rainbow_trout.png
 | alt2 = A trout
 | caption2 = Square image of a trout, originally 300 pixels high.

 | footer = Both images have been rendered with the same height, and a total width of 320px
}}

The aspect ratio of each image is automatically retrieved from the File metadata. You can override the native width and height values by

  • Examining the individual image pages to obtain the full resolution. For example:
  • Specify the full width and height for each image, of the form:
    • |width1= |height1= |width2= |height2=

Multiple rows

To create an array of images, with multiple rows, use |perrow=. The value passed to |perrow= may be a single number, or a list of numbers delimited by /. This feature may also be combined with |total_width= for multiple rows of images with the same total width. 脚本错误:没有“Multiple image”这个模块。

{{multiple image|perrow = 2|total_width=300
| image1 = Kern_Theodolit_DKM2-A.jpg
| image2 = Total-Robotic-Station.jpg
| image3 = DumpyLevel.jpg
| image4 = GPS_Survey_Equipment_at_Weir_Dyke_Bridge_-_geograph.org.uk_-_336908.jpg
| footer = Surveying Equipment. Clockwise from upper left: Optical Theodolite, Robotic total station, Optical level, [[Real-time kinematic | RTK]] GPS Base station.
}}

模板:Clear right

Removing the image border

The border around the images can be removed using |image_style=border:none. 脚本错误:没有“Multiple image”这个模块。

{{multiple image
 | align = right
 | total_width = 320
 | image_style = border:none;

 | image1 = Donkey 1 arp 750px.jpg
 | alt1 = A donkey
 | caption1 = Image of a donkey

 | image2 = Rainbow_trout.png
 | alt2 = A trout
 | caption2 = Image of a trout
}}

模板:Clear right

Increasing the gap between images

The gap between the images can be increased using |image_gap=N, where N is the number of pixels (must be non-negative). 脚本错误:没有“Multiple image”这个模块。

{{multiple image
 | align = right
 | total_width = 320
 | image_gap = 20

 | image1 = Donkey 1 arp 750px.jpg
 | alt1 = A donkey
 | caption1 = Image of a donkey

 | image2 = Rainbow_trout.png
 | alt2 = A trout
 | caption2 = Image of a trout
}}

模板:Clear right

TemplateData

模板:FormatTemplateData

Tracking categories

Notes

模板:Notelist

See also