Swarma Club

来自集智百科 - 复杂系统|人工智能|复杂科学|复杂网络|自组织
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this apple is the apple hitting on the head of Newton,
representing the feeling of scientific discovery.
Let the apple hit my head! (Eureka)
Creating a niche for free communications of ideas, incubating original scientific discovery.

Swarma Club, formally initiated in 2003, is an informal organization of investigators who enjoy scientific research. They cherish the spirits of equality, openness, and demonstration. They promote the interdisciplinary communications and cooperation. And they aim to build an "institute without fence" in China.

Brief History

In 2003, Dr. Jiang Zhang, the founder of the club built a website named Swarma club, to propagate the complexity sciences, and promote inter-disciplinary cooperation. Five years later, the activities went off-line from online, and the club become a real one for academic communication. In 2014, the first start-up project "colorful cloud" which trying to build an AI weather reporter is bred. All of the major members of the start-up are from the club. In 2015, the first formal symposium focusing on attention science is held in Nanjing university. In the same year, the first book entitled with "the acme of science - an informal introduction of artificial intelligence" is published. In the august of the same year, the off-line volunteer organization is formed. In 2016, the second book named "Stepping into 2050: attention, internet, and artificial intelligence" is published. In the October of 2016, the symposium on "Network, geometry, and machine learning" jointly organized by Kai-feng foundation, one of the famous non-official foundation, and the Swarma Club is held. In the end of 2016, the second start-up project "Swarma AI Campus" aiming at the education and training of artificial intelligence is founded.


Public lectures

We invite scholars in various backgrounds to give public talks almost once a month. The topics cover artificial intelligence, statistical physics, complex systems, biology, sociology, etc.

Reading Groups

See also: The reading groups of Swarma Club

The reading groups are organized by topics which are selected by the active members and the Swarma scientists. Once a reading group with a given topic is present, the group will continue for about 2 or 3 months. And the reading activity is held twice a month. Reading groups can make intensive discussions on specific topics, therefore, they can breed innovative results, for example, scientific papers, prototypes of products, or reports. “Colorful cloud” App is made in the reading group of Deep Learning, and the book "Stepping into 2050" is also made during the activities of the reading group of Collective Attention.Past group reading, please see here:[1]


See also: The symposiums by Swarma Club

We also organize symposiums almost once a year. For example, the symposium of "Attention Science" which is held in 2015, Nanjing. And also we held the symposium "Network, Geometry, and Machine Learning" which is supported by the Kaifeng funding in 2016. [2]


See also: The member list of Swarma Club

All the members are grouped into scientists, volunteers, and fans. Swarma scientists are recommended by at least two old members of Swarma scientists and selected by all of them. The new member will be rejected if one old member disagree.

Volunteers are self-recommended and managed by the council.


See also: The organization of Swarma Club

The club is managed by the council. The council is headed by the president. The current president is Dr. Jiang Zhang.


Swarma Scientists

There are 40 swarma scientists in total. All of them are young Chinese scientists all around the world. We list 6 swarma scientists in below(需要调整).

W. Brian Arthur

W. Brain Arthur
  • W. Brian Arthur is a renowned economist, an external professor at the Santa Fe Institute, and a visiting fellow at the Palo Alto Research Center Systems Science Laboratory. In the 1980s, Arthur was invited by Nobel laureate in economics Kenneth Arrow to the newly established Santa Fe Institute. At the Santa Fe Institute, Arthur combined complex systems theory with economic research to develop the concept of "complexity economics", and won the Schumpeter Prize in 1990 for his theory of increasing returns. As the proposer of the theory of increasing returns, Arthur created a new model for interdisciplinary research into economics and complex systems. As one of the first scholars to study complexity at the Santa Fe Institute, Arthur was one of the founders of the field of complexity science and was awarded the inaugural Lagrange Prize in complexity science in 2008 for his outstanding achievements.
  • Main contributions: Guest speaker of the AI&Society Activity:Where is technology taking the economy?

José Lobo

José Lobo
  • José Lobo is an Associate Fellow at the School of Sustainable Development at Arizona State University, a scientist at the Julie Ann Wrigley Institute for Global Sustainability, and a member of the Santa Fe Institute's Sustainability for Cities, Scale Research Group. His research topics cover the theory of scale from early human communities to ancient cities to modern urban systems, as well as the nature and drivers of human invention, in particular how urban environments inhabit the formation of technological and cultural innovations. He is one of the leading researchers in urban science and has published several important papers in top journals such as PNAS and Nature Human Behaviour.
  • Main contributions: Guest speaker of the AI&Society Activity:AI,Cities and the Future of Labor Tasks, Occupations and Networks。

James Evans

James Evans
  • James Evans is a professor of sociology at the University of Chicago and a world-renowned scholar of science of science, complex networks, and the sociology of knowledge. A graduate of Stanford University, he has conducted research on the structure of social organization at Harvard University, founded the Knowledge Mining Laboratory at the University of Chicago, and founded and chaired the Master of Computing Sociology program at the University of Chicago. His main interests include: group intelligence, social organization structure analysis, the generation and dissemination of scientific and technological innovation, etc., and has published a large number of articles in top journals such as Science, PNAS, American Journal of Sociology, Management Science and so on.
  • Main contributions:
    • Guest speaker of the AI&Society Activity:Social Computing;
    • Scholar of Study Camp

Geoffrey West

Geoffrey West
  • Geoffrey West, theoretical physicist, leading scholar of urban science, distinguished professor and former director of the Santa Fe Institute, was named one of Time Magazine's 100 Most Influential People in the World. Decades of research work on "scale", his research results have been applied to the understanding of life, urban sustainable development, business operations and many other fields, and are regarded as the "interdisciplinary Nobel Prize" in the industry.
  • Guest speaker of the AI&Society Activity:The future of the planet-life, growth and death in organisms, cities&companies

Douglas, R. Hofstadter

Douglas, R. Hofstadter
  • Douglas, R. Hofstadter is Distinguished Professor of Cognitive Science and Comparative Literature at Indiana University, a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, a Member of the American Philosophical Society, and a Fellow of the Royal Swedish Academy of Social Sciences. His research interests include: the relationship of the self to the outside world, consciousness, analogies, artistic creation, literary translation, mathematics and physics. In addition to his academic achievements, He has published 《Gödel, Escher, Bach: an Eternal Golden Braid》 and 《I Am a Strange Loop》, which won the Pulitzer Prize for Literature (nonfiction), the National Book Award (Science), and the Los Angeles Times Science Writing Book Award, respectively.
  • Guest speaker of the AI&Society Activity:Human creativity vs artificial intelligence.

Ginestra Bianconi

Ginestra Bianconi

Ginestra Bianconi is Professor of Applied Mathematics at queen Mary University of London's School of Mathematical Sciences and an Alan Turing Fellow at the Ellen Turing Institute. Currently, she is the editor-in-chief of the journal JPhys Complex and the editor of PlosOne and Scientific Reports. In 2020, she was awarded the Network Scientific Fellowships by the NetSci Society in recognition of her fundamental contributions to network science, particularly the proposal of Bose-Einstein cohesiveness in complex networks and advances in the structure and dynamics of multilayer networks. Her research interests include statistical mechanics and network science, including network theory and its interdisciplinary applications. She is an expert in network modeling, including growth network models and balanced networking. He has also published important works on dynamic processes on the Web, particularly on seepage. In recent years, she has focused on multilayer networks, pure complexes, network geometry, and topology. She is the author of two books, 《Multilayer Networks: Structure and Function 》published by Oxford University Press and 《Higher-order networks: An introduction to simplicial complexes》 published by Cambridge University Press.

Main contribution: Guest speaker of the High-Order networks reading group :Higher-order networks and dynamics.

Erik Hoel

Erik Hoel

Ph.D., University of Wisconsin-Madison, Assistant Professor at Tufts University, Theoretical Neuroscientist at Columbia University, and one of the proposers of the causal emergence theory. He is committed to using information theory and causal analysis to explore the biological basis of consciousness and to understand the nature of emergence. The research questions are how to use complexity and information theory to measure the neural differences between consciousness and unconsciousness, how causal structure changes across scales, and how information theory indicators capture and quantify causal emergence on macroscopic scales.

Main contribution: Guest speaker of the Causal Emergence reading group :Causal Emergence Theory.

Chen Deliang

Chen Deliang is currently the August Röhss Chair Professor at the University of Gothenburg in Sweden, where he graduated from Nanjing University with a bachelor's degree and received his Ph.D. from Nobel laureate Professor Paul Crutzen at Gutenberg University in Mainz, Germany. Professor Chen's research interests include climate dynamics, climate simulation, global and regional climate change, geographic information science and applied climatology.

Professor Chen is an internationally renowned climatologist, an expert of the Nobel Prize Committee, an advocate and practitioner of Earth system science, and a strategic scientist with a global perspective. He has participated in and led several international programs and organizations, served as scientific advisor to several governments, intergovernmental organizations and international non-governmental organizations, and national research funding agencies, was the lead author and coordinating lead author of working group I of the IPCC's Fifth and Sixth Evaluation Reports, and served as Executive Chair of the International Council for Science (ICSU) from 2009 to 2012. He has long been committed to the leadership, coordination and cooperation of global systems science, future geoscience, and global sustainable development research, and has made important contributions to international scientific and technological cooperation.

Professor Chen has been elected as an academician of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, an academician of the Royal Academy of Arts and Sciences of Gothenburg, an academician of the Academy of Sciences for Developing Countries, the director of the Department of Geosciences of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences, a foreign academician of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, a foreign academician of the Norwegian Academy of Sciences and Letters, an academician of the European Academy of Sciences and Arts, and won the 2017 International Science and Technology Cooperation Award of the People's Republic of China. In recognition of his outstanding contributions to Swedish and international climate research, he was recently awarded the King's Medal by the King of Sweden.

Main contribution: Guest speaker of the Earth System Science reading group :A brief history of Earth system science and its major challenges.

Zhou Changsong

Dr. Changsong Zhou, Professor and Head, Department of Physics, Director of Centre for Nonlinear Studies, Deputy Director of Institute of Computational and Theoretical Studies, Hong Kong Baptist University (HKBU). He obtained his PhD degree at Nankai University, and served as Postdoctoral Fellow at National University of Singapore (1997-1999), Visiting Research Scholar at HKBU (1999-2000) and Humboldt Research Fellow and Research Scientist at University of Potsdam, Germany (2000-2007). He joined HKBU as Assistant Professor in 2007 and received HKBU President’s Award for Outstanding Young Researcher 2011 and President’s Award for Outstanding Performance in Scholarly Work 2021. Dr. Zhou’s research interest is dynamical processes on complex systems. His current emphasis is on analysis and modeling connectivity and activity in neural systems in collaboration with experimental neuroscientists, using the approaches of oscillatory dynamics networks and covering broad scales from network of excitatory-inhibitory neurons to interacting functional brain regions and functional EEG and cognitive variability and disorders. He has published over 150 research papers in interdisciplinary journalssuch as PNAS, PRL, National Science Review, J Neuroscience, NeuroImage, Cerebral Cortex, PLoS Computational Biology (above15900 citations in Google Scholar, h-index 48). He currently serves as Academic Editors of Scientific Reports, PLoS One and Cognitive Neurodynamics.   

Main contribution: Guest speaker of the Neurodynamics reading group :Causal Emergence Theory.Complex Neural Dynamics: Analysis and Modeling ----

From neuronalspikes to cortical waves, from emergence to function.

Yi-Zhuang(Everett) You


PhD. in condensed matter physics, Tsinghua university, Post doc in physics department, San Babara campus, California University. Research interests: quantum many body systems, quantum field theory, collective behaviors, quantum information, and artificial intelligence.

Pan Zhang


PhD. in statistical physics, associate research fellow in institute of theoretical physics, China academy of sciences. Research interests: statistical physics and complex systems, application problems of statistical physics in networks and computer sciences.

Ling-fei Wu


PhD. in communication, Hong Kong city university, Post doc in knowledge lab, Chicago university. Research interests: attention dynamics and knowledge production.

Jiang Zhang


Associate professor in the school of systems science, Beijing Normal University, PhD in management science and technology, Consulting scholars of Ali research institute and Tencent research institute, founder and president of Swarma Club, founder of Swarma AI Campus. Research interests include artificial intelligence, computational social science, and complex systems.

Yan-ran Li


1st-year PhD student of The Hong Kong Polytechnic University. Her research interests mainly lie in deep learning and natural language generation.

Zi-jun Jia


PhD candidate of intelligent control in Beijing Jiaotong University, and joint PhD of artificial intelligence lab in MIT, pre-chief scientist and product VP in Turing Robot Inc. Her research focus on intelligent control, artificial neural network, and robotics.


Stepping into 2050: attention, Internet, and Artificial Intelligence

  • Swarma club: Stepping into 2050: attention, the Internet, and Artificial Intelligence, Posts & Telecom Press,2016


  • Intro:

The main idea of this book is that our attention flow is an important resource for machines because all the products and programs are made for the use by human beings. The topics of the book cover: artificial intelligence, Internet, psychology, and computer games.

The Acme of Science: an informal introduction of Artificial Intelligence

  • Swarma Club: The Acme of Science: an informal introduction of Artificial Intelligence, Posts & Telecom Press,2015


  • Intro:

This book gives a chief introduction of the histories and developments of artificial intelligence for the public. It also contains rich topics of AI covered by the discussions in Swarma club, for example, Godel incomplete theorem, Kolmogorov complexity, Deep Learning, and Swarm Intelligence.

Deep Thinking: Where Machine Intelligence Ends and Human Creativity Begins

  • Deep Thinking: Where Machine Intelligence Ends and Human Creativity Begins, China Renmin University Press, 2018


  • Swarma Club translated Garry Kasparov's Deep Thinking by crowdsource. In this breakthrough book, Kasparov reveals his astonishing side of the story for the first time. He describes how it felt to strategize against an implacable, untiring opponent with the whole world watching, and recounts the history of machine intelligence through the microcosm of chess, considered by generations of scientific pioneers to be a key to unlocking the secrets of human and machine cognition.


Colorful clouds AI reporter

Colorful clouds AI reporter is an APP on cellular phones which can give personalized and exact weather report for hours. This project is incubated by the reading group of deep learning, Swarma club in 2014. All the members of this project is almost from the active members in the club, and the head of the team, Xing-yuan Yuan, is the core member of the club, who is also the former engineer in Alibaba Inc.


Recently, this team develop another AI application called “colorful cloud translator”, which can make immediate translation between Chinese and English.


Swarma AI Campus

This is a startup project initiated by Dr. Jiang Zhang, the president of the Swarma Club, in the end of 2016. This startup focuses on the education of artificial intelligence. All the core members of the team are from the club. Two kinds of classes of AI are provided. One is the course of “AI vision” which provides the general picture of the development of AI, and build an off-line environment for communications between students. The others are called “AI geeks” which include a bunch of online courses in techniques, such as, natural language processing, deep learning, etc.


Big events


WeChat Groups

There are about 10 active wechat groups, most of them are around specific scientific topics.

Swarma Translation group


Swama Translation team was founded in June, 2016. In the beginning, translating articles from Complex Digest was our main task. With the development of the translation team, our translation target and types also widened,including latest AI knowledge and information in article, video and books. Welcome to the translation team if you are interested in AI, science or translation.


Ying Qin Swarma Core volunteer, professional translator and interpreter.

Natural language Processing Groups


Natural Language Processing Group was born from a reading group of Natural Language Processing in the Era of Deep Learning. The group focuses on the both academic and practical topics in the field of natural language processing, i.e., the frontier applications of deep learning in machine translation, dialogue generation, and knowledge inference.


Yanran Li Swarma Scientist, 1st-year PhD student of The Hong Kong Polytechnic University. Her research interests mainly lie in deep learning and natural language generation.

Computer Vision Groups


We are an organization focused on computer vision,We make friends, often organize paper sharing and activities.


Chao Ding Focus on Computer Vision, studied in Russia, Msc in General Artificial Intelligence and Computer Vision. Founder & CEO of AIcvs, which is committed to using AI and IoT to improve offline retail.

Computational society Groups


The Computational Society Group of Swarma was founded in March, 2016. The topics for discussion include but not limit to problems related to the basic theories of social sciences, complex systems and sciences, social computing and dynamic cyber behavior analysis. It aims to help group members to communicate with passion, to study with interests and to explore the truth with enthusiasm. The group will try its best to make sure that group members are able to enjoy their free, equal, open and comprehensive talking.


De-hua Gao Doctor of management science, a teacher in university. Study interests: computational society, routines of organization, and modelling and simulation for complex systems.

Xiao Wang Doctor in automation institute, China Academy of Sciences, Head of Parallel Lab., institute of intelligent industries in Qing Dao.

Knowledge Management Groups


The dimension / perspectives involve the software tools of Knowledge Management and their methodology, the techniques on Attention Channeling & Personal Productivity, even some philosophy behind the tools and methods. Despite the open-ended discussion atomsphere, however, there is a Main Thread: How to establish, sustain and automate the Personal / Team Workflow of [Information Gathering & Organizing -> Inputting -> Outputting -> Seeking Feedback], with all kinds of tools and approaches, guided by any possible theories or philosophies——in order to boost productivity for both individuals and teams.


Di Wu Core Volunteer of Swarma Club, Educational / Training Software Product Manager, Personal Knowledge Management & Knowledge Collaboration Product Observer, seeking for practical methods of thought / consensus visualization, specialized in online training via all kinds of ICT tools.

Intelligent Control Groups


This group focus on intelligent control theory, artificial neural network, robotics, design and development of embedded control systems. We share knowledge, softwares, data, methods in this group.


Manager: Zi-jun Jia Swarma Scientist, PhD candidate of intelligent control in Beijing Jiaotong University, and joint PhD of artificial intelligence lab in MIT, pre-chief scientist and product VP in Turing Robot Inc.

Way of joining

WeChat Public Account:swarma_org

Scanning Qr Code,following the Swarma Club

Official Website:http://www.swarma.org

QQ Group:292641157

E-mail List:swarm-agents@groups.google.com

Swarma Club douban Group:http://www.douban.com/group/swarmagents/

Swarma Club douban Station:http://site.douban.com/swarmagents/